New main discovery of mummies in Alexandria from the Greco-Roman period

Feb 22, 2021

CAIRO – The Egyptian-Dominican mission of the College of Santo Domingo led by archaeologist Kathleen Martinez, working on the Taposiris Magna temple in west of Alexandria, found 16 funeral chambers in tombs carved in stone, that are wall burial holes that had been fashionable in Greco-Roman instances.

The mission additionally found a number of tombs containing mummies in poor situation, attribute of mummification within the Greco-Roman period. Stays of gilded cardboard had been discovered along with tongue-shaped gold leaf amulets that had been positioned within the mouths of the useless, a ritual that may enable them to talk within the afterlife in entrance of the Osirian court docket, in keeping with outdated beliefs.

Two of those the mummies had been notably vital as a result of they nonetheless had bandages and components of the cardboard layer; the primary mummy nonetheless had remnants of gilding and wore gilded designs of Osiris, the god of the underworld, whereas the opposite mummy wore the Atef crown, adorned with horns and a cobra snake on the brow, in addition to designs gilded on the chest displaying a big necklace with a falcon’s head, the image of the divinity Horus.

The Egyptian-Dominican mission has had a variety of archaeological finds because it started excavation work 10 years in the past, together with a funeral masks of a lady, eight gold leaves from a wreath and eight marble masks relationship from the Greco-Roman interval, describing intimately the traits of their house owners.

Various items bearing the identify and picture of Queen Cleopatra VII had been additionally discovered contained in the temple partitions, along with a number of components of statues believed to embellish the temple grounds, to not point out the inspiration plaques. of the temple, which proved that it was constructed by King Ptolemy IV.

Khaled Abu al-Hamd, normal supervisor of Alexandria Antiquities, instructed Al-Monitor the mission had discovered a variety of mummies for the reason that begin of the 12 months, most of them in poor situation as a result of their proximity to the ocean. and their publicity to moisture. As well as, a feminine funeral masks was discovered, eight golden sequins, eight marble masks relationship from the Greco-Roman period, two golden tongues, gold cash and plenty of gold mud.

He stated all gold finds had been transferred to the Nationwide Museum of Alexandria whereas the items of the statues, masks and utensils had been transferred to the museum’s storage services situated west of Alexandria.

Abu al-Hamd added: “Town of Abusir – additionally recognized by its historic identify Taposiris – is an important place which supplies a transparent image of the [ancient] societies residing in Egyptian cities and facilities of the Egyptian deity Osiris within the Greco-Roman period. The Egyptian-Dominican mission continues to hold out excavations in a temple relationship from the Ptolemaic interval. ”

Archaeologist Zahi Hawass instructed Al-Monitor that the newest archaeological finds in Alexandria are an ideal addition to the gathering from the Greco-Egyptian period, noting that many extra finds have been underway for the reason that Egyptian-Dominican Mission n has not but accomplished its work in Alexandria.

Mohammed Hamza, former dean of the College of Archeology at Cairo College, instructed Al-Monitor: “This is among the most vital finds in Alexandria, each when it comes to the kind of tombs. often called Lockley and when it comes to variety of burials. and their content material, relationship from 332 BC and 30 BC »

Hamza believes these findings might help reveal extra details and fill in some lacking gaps in every period.

“Scientific information helps these discoveries promote tourism in Egypt by including a brand new tourism product that was not beforehand recognized. That is doable due to good planning, tourism advertising and marketing, good monitoring and follow-up, and the conduct of sustainable tourism improvement work on the positioning, as is presently occurring inside the framework of the Grand Egyptian Museum venture, the realm of ​​the pyramids, the Nationwide Museum of Egyptian Civilization and the aqueduct of the citadel of Cairo, ”he concluded.

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